The correct definition of the risk(s) to non-target organisms has to be provided before a pesticide is approved. This assessment is essential, with a long-term perspective, to ensure (i) the absence of negative effects towards non-target organisms and (ii) that there are no adverse changes to the population or the function of the ecosystem. This concept includes the active substance and its relevant metabolites, refers to both vertebrate and non-vertebrate organisms and is typically carried out using model species. Beneficial organisms must receive particular attention in this framework. Furthermore, a correct definition of ecotox outcomes needs a following comparison to actual pesticide concentrations in environmental compartments to discriminate between acceptable and unacceptable impacts from pesticide use.
This session reports the most recent advances in ecotoxicology concerning birds and mammals, tiered risk assessment for aquatic and terrestrial organisms, as well as assessment on relevant metabolites.
Gabriella Fait (EFSA, Italy)
Matteo Ottini (Expedia, Italy)
Program: September 5 – 11:00 – 12:40
187–“Modelling effects of pesticides for regulatory risk assessment: TKTD models and beyond” – Andreas Focks, Wageningen Environmental Research (The Netherlands)
230-“Aquatic risk assessment at catchment scale – case study on insecticide exposure concentrations and effects on macroinvertebrates” – Wim Beltman, Wageningen Environmental Research (The Netherlands)
281-“Investigating chemical mixture toxicity in bees: data collection, modelling, mechanistics basis and implications for risk assessment” – Edoardo Carnesecchi, Institute for Pharmacological Research Mario Negri IRCCS (Italy)
291-“Tackling some of the research gaps indentified in the EFSA scientific opinion on the risk assessment of in-soil organisms ” – Tiago Natal da Luz, University of Coimbra (Portugal)
278-“Explore the biological toxicity of a triazole pesticide, paclobutrazol, in zebrafish” – Wen-Der Wang, National Chiayi University (Taiwan)
183-“Effects of synthetic and natural pesticides on the soil microbial biomass and on earthworm Eisenia foetida” – Arianna De Bernardi, Università Politecnica delle Marche (Italy)
210-“Towards a coupled exposure and effect model for earthworms” – Christoph Oberdörster, BAYER AG (Deutchland)
224-“DNA-damaging potential of the pesticides penoxsulam and imazalil on gill and sperm cells of Procambarus clarkii – an ex vivo approach disclosing cell specific vulnerabilities” – Raquel Marçal, CESAM and Dbio (Portugal)
239-“Subacute-Oral Toxicity of Thiamethoxam (ACTARA®) in Male Mice: Biochemical, Oxidative Damage and Histopathological Evaluations” – Gamal Elsayed Abouelghar, Menoufia University (Egypt)
252-“Degradation of alloxydim herbicide in chlorinated water. QSAR and ecotoxicity study of the main by-product” – Juan José Villaverde, INIA (Spain)